Modern medicine believes that 85% of our health depends on nutrition, not just on the use of any food but also on fortified food.
Vitamins are an essential nutritional factor. They are necessary for a person not because of their energy value but because of their ability to regulate the course of chemical reactions in the body.
The physiological need of healthy people for vitamin therapy varies depending on age, gender, nature of work, traditions of national cuisine, climatic conditions, etc.
What are vitamins, sources of their origin, and properties
Vitamins (lat. Vita life + amines) are low-molecular organic compounds of different chemical nature, necessary for everyday life and possessing high biological activity.
Sources of vitamins for humans are various food products of plant and animal origin. Some vitamins are partially formed in the body, with microbes that live in the colon.
Today, about 20 vitamins are known. The main ones are B1, B2, B6, B12, PP, C, A, D, E, K (vitamins are designated by letters of the Latin alphabet), folic acid, pantothenic acid, biotin, and others.
Vitamins can be divided into three groups.
The first includes B vitamins: B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid, pantothenic acid, PP, biotin. These vitamins, as coenzymes, involves in carbohydrate and energy metabolism.
The second group is formed by vitamins-antioxidants, which neutralize the active form of oxygen. It is vitamin C, which acts in the later phases of the body: in the serum, in the lacrimal fluid, in the fluid lining the lungs. Vitamin E, found in the cell membrane, is also highly susceptible to the damaging effects of oxygen. This group also includes carotenoids, in particular beta-carotene.
The third group is prohormones – vitamins from which hormones are formed. These include vitamin A, D.
Division of vitamin therapy by chemical nature
By their chemical nature, all vitamins divide into water-soluble and fat-soluble.
Water-soluble vitamins are vitamin C and B vitamins. They do not accumulate in the body and removes from it after a few days, so you must use them daily. A rich source of these vitamins is fruits, berries, vegetables and herbs, brewer’s yeast, and cereal sprouts.
A, D, E, and K. They accumulate in the liver and adipose tissue. Therefore they stores in the body for a longer time. The source of fat-soluble vitamins is fish fat, butter, cream, sturgeon caviar, and some vegetables.
Vitamin therapy can be natural (find in food) and synthetic.
Natural vitamins are most preferred, as food also contains enzymes, fibers, and other elements that facilitate their assimilation.
The vitamin content in the diet inevitably decreases during the winter and spring months. Freezing food decreases the concentration of vitamins in food. Storing in the light is detrimental to vitamins E and A; contact with oxygen is not acceptable for vitamin B6.
Synthetic vitamins correspond in their chemical composition to natural ones and compensate for the deficiency of an individual vitamin in the body but do not contain other essential nutrients.
During recovery periods, with increased physical activity, natural vitamins are not enough, and it is necessary to take synthetic vitamin supplements. The need for vitamin A increases in summer when sunbathing. The need for vitamins C, groups B, B, E, folic acid increases sharply in winter and, significantly, in spring, during a period of increased incidence of colds.
The main types of vitamins and their effects on the body
It has a beneficial impact on the body’s state, increasing its resistance to infectious diseases. Lack of vitamin A causes eye diseases, such as night blindness, in which a person loses his sight at dusk. The richest in vitamin A are liver (beef and not only), butter, eggs, and fish oil. Greens, vegetables, and fruits contain carotene, which in the human body turns into vitamin A. There are several carotenes in carrots, spinach, lettuce, nettles, sorrel, apricots, green onions, fresh tomatoes.
Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
It helps to strengthen the nervous system. Lack of vitamin B1 in the body causes skin diseases, hair loss. This vitamin especially recommends for people who suffer from mental labor and pregnant women, and nursing mothers. Of animal products, vitamin B1 is rich in egg yolk, caviar, liver, kidneys, heart. Buckwheat and oat groats rolled oats, beans, wholemeal wheat bread, apples, potatoes, and especially brewer’s yeast these all distinguishes by a high percentage of vitamin B1.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
It is of great importance for the growth of the body, improving metabolism, and wound healing. This vitamin is mainly present in brewer’s yeast, meat, and dairy products, especially fresh cottage cheese.
It protects against rickets, regulates the exchange of calcium and phosphorus in bone tissue, and is very useful for children. Vitamin D is observed primarily in milk, eggs, butter, liver, caviar, and fish oil.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
It prevents scurvy and helps fight several infectious diseases. Though it is necessary for the proper development of the body, as indicated for nursing mothers, convalescents accelerate wound healing, increase work capacity. Many vitamin C in fresh cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes, green onions, horseradish, rutabagas, spinach, oranges, lemons, etc. Of the berries, the most significant amount of vitamin C contains in black currants. Furthermore, it consists of mountain ash, raspberries, strawberries (strawberries), gooseberries, and vitamin C in rose hips.
Vitamin P (citrine)
It contains oranges, tangerines, lemons, grapes, black currants, tea, etc. The absence of this vitamin therapy in the body causes the fragility of blood vessels.
Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid)
Accordingly, it is present in meat, kidneys, liver, and heart of cattle, yeast, black bread, tomatoes, and green vegetables. Similarly, the value of this vitamin is that it prevents some skin diseases and nervous system depletion.
It is beneficial for nervous diseases, anemia, allows us to maintain a beautiful and youthful appearance, and improves skin condition. Parsley, red pepper, spinach, tomatoes, white cabbage, broccoli, pumpkin, berries contain a large amount of it. The richest in them are vegetable fats.
What does the lack of vitamins lead to?
High psycho-emotional stress, deterioration of the ecological situation, increased radiation background, violation of nutritional culture, uncontrolled use of drugs, the predominance of artificial feeding of children are factors contributing to the development of vitamin deficiency.
With the insufficient intake of vitamins in the body, hypovitaminosis develops, in severe cases, vitamin deficiency with symptoms characteristic of each vitamin. Hypovitaminosis is a problem of modern nutrition.
Without or lacking essential vitamins, our body’s ability to excrete and utilize nutrients diminishes.
Uncontrolled use of vitamins in large doses can lead to the intoxication of the body with the development of hypervitaminosis and cause an allergic reaction. Also, the med spa Beverly hills provide these type of vitamin therapies.
Vitamin therapy supplements the body with vitamins that either ingest enough or depleted due to an illness. Vitamin B12 and Vitamin D are two common forms of vitamin therapy, but a physician can prescribe many others. Moreover, this therapy has shown mixed results in terms of efficacy. Some studies show it helps, while other research points to no significant change in health outcomes for those patients who receive Vitamin Therapy treatment. – Vitamin B12 supplements may help people who do not eat meat or dairy products get their daily dose needed for brain function, red blood cells production, and immune system regulation.