Types of Tyre Damage and Car Tyre Puncture Repair

Tyres are a crucial part of every road journey. The only thing which connects your vehicle to the road is those tyres and for that very reason, they need to be in fine condition, so one can drive safely and reach places one wants to. But when it comes to safety, tyres do not remain intact from the ups and downs, potholes, nails, sharp objects on the rough surfaces the car goes through and are prone to puncture. Thus, some basic tips for car tyre puncture repair should come in handy to all the drivers so they can watch out for any potential troubles occurring because of flat tyres. Some of the conditions, with do’s and don’ts, are elaborated here. 

Slow Car Tyre Puncture Repair: 

Sometimes, the tyre shows no sign of puncture yet slowly loses air pressure and gets flattened over time. This is because of slow car tyre puncture repair. Usually, the driver doesn’t notice any problem while driving but ultimately ends up in trouble. This type of puncture also is a major factor for severe accidents because this gives the driver no time to realize he needs to stop. This is a health hazard, so all the drivers should check the air pressure of all the tyres before they go on a long road drive. Some signs of slow puncture include: 

  • Drifting of tyres to the left or right direction without turning the vehicle. 
  • If the puncture occurs due to a small piece of nail or any broken material it will create a sound of ticking every time it hits the road. 
  • The tyre will feel out of shape. 
  • Sidewall touching the tarmac
  • A small nail or debris stuck in the grooves of the tyre, which can be penetrated deep inside the tyre but look as if they’re just stuck on the outer surface. 

Tyre pressure sensors:

Most of the vehicles have built-in sensors to monitor if the tyre is losing air pressure and they indicate the drivers to check it beforehand. But this technology is not available in all the cars or vehicles out there. So, one cannot totally rely on them. Also, the sensors do not react quickly to a slow puncture. It is better to do a quick check and make amendments beforehand. 

How to have a car tyre puncture repair correctly? 

There can be nothing as annoying as finding out your car has a flat tyre, especially when you have to arrive at work, school or any place urgently. Glass shreds, nails, stones in potholes etc. contribute towards the tyre puncturing. So, it is better to check the tyres a night before you go on a planned trip, journey or a simple commute. 

Expert’s inspection: 

If a driver faces any kind of inconvenience due to the tyre being punctured, it is better he’d make an expert inspect it and the car also. Because the car had been driven with a tyre at low pressure, it is possible the damage done to the car is more than a flattened tyre only. Also, according to the British Standards, the driver must ask the expert mechanic or technician to remove the tyre and mobile tyre fitting from the vehicle before inspecting it. 

Inspection is necessary because the extent to which the problem has occurred can be pointed out and can save the driver from potential safety hazards. Another pro tip is, never to use the same tyre if the technician is unable to find the punctured hole, this can put the driver in trouble. Make sure that the tyre is replaced. Asking the technician to check the newly replaced tyre’s air pressure and having a small test drive is also imperative for safe driving. 

Repairing a punctured tyre (Mushroom repair): 

A car tyre puncture repair is done by making use of a patch and a plug. The technician should make sure he is following the British Standard of repairing tyres. The mechanic looks for the puncture and after identifying the hole, he uses a patch to stick on the hole and makes sure it does not deflate any longer. 

Under what circumstances can a tyre be repaired? 

Usually, a puncture can only be repaired when the diameter of the hole is less than 1.5mm and the tyre tread depth is not exceeding the legal limits of repair. The rubber of the tyre should also be intact and the damage has not occurred due to exposed cords. Also, if the tyre has already been repaired once, it does not make sense to repair it again because the puncture will not sustain the patch any longer and can risk the safety of the driver. 

Which puncture is suitable for repairing? 

If the puncture is 75% to the depth of the tyre, only then it can be repaired according to the British standards of repairing. If the puncture does not occur in this specified area, one cannot legally have it repaired. Proximity to the sidewall is also a contributor in determining whether the tyre needs to be replaced or repaired. One should also have a spare tyre at hand for emergency situations. 

When does a tyre need to be replaced? 

There are tyres, such as Run-flat tyres, which are thicker on the walls than ordinary tyres. They go on undamaged for a long period without getting punctured. But when such tyre is exposed to a puncture, finding the puncture hole almost becomes impossible as they can be driven for long distances before losing the air pressure or becoming flat. Thus, they need to be replaced rather than going for a car tyre puncture repair. Also, for checking the air pressure in such tyres, the driver should make sure they have their cars at an expert technician garage because, without the right tools, it is nearly impossible to check if the pressure inside them is intact and good to go or not. 

Following these simple tips can make anyone drive safely and have the basic knowledge of what to do when faced with a troublesome situation of punctured tyres and when to go for a car tyre puncture repair. 

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