Constructional engineers play a key role in successfully completing a construction project. Their work is highly diversified as the projects that they work on might include designing a drainage and sewage system, constructing a building, or developing roads or bridges. Constructional engineers often work on a particular type of construction project. Some of these areas are:
- Building –residential/commercial buildings or corporate offices.
- Electrical – electrical systems
- Mechanical – heating or air conditioning, plumbing.
- Infrastructure – bridges, airports, roadways, or water waste
Constructional engineers use computers when making and analyzing their designs for a project. They are also responsible for taking on board a team of professionals and workers needed to complete the construction project. Constructional engineers are required to make budgets that is estimating, planning and control the costs involved in construction projects.
Constructional engineers are required to work from offices as well as work on location at job sites to personally monitor the work being executed. They usually work 40-hour weeks; however, some project requires more time based on deadlines or complex design.
Introduction to Constructional Engineering
A construction engineer is expected to serve in many roles which may include directing and evaluating a project. They will be required to do research and conduct surveys of the area where the job is to be done, focusing on factors such as environmental issues or government regulations that need to be considered. Prior to starting the job, they need to prepare feasibility reports based on their findings and consult with others who have a stake in the project. Those parties can be environmental associations, government bodies, and third-party construction companies. Constructional engineers need to have a sound knowledge of building codes, laws, and regulations that might apply to their projects.
They must estimate and evaluate the total cost of a project. These costs can include:
- Site inspections
- Required tests for sewage, drainage, or elevation levels
- Construction material
- Labor costs
Constructional engineers will have to coordinate with a variety of parties involved in any given job. They are also responsible for monitoring a job until its completion while ensuring that the project is completed within the allotted budget for the project as a whole. Its must have effective communication, interpersonal, and leadership skills. They should be able to pay close attention to detail. Hence, constructional engineers should also have good analytical, math, and problem-solving skills.
The job market of civil engineering as a whole, which included constructional engineers, was expected to see a growth of 2% over the next decade. Engineering remains one of the highest-paying industries. As of May 2020, constructional engineers earned an average wage of $90,000+ per year.
Constructional engineers offer services in a number of areas within the construction industry, including contracting and design. There is immense room for growth in the profession of constructional engineer. Management training can lead to positions as a cost engineer, a project supervisor, an operations manager, or a safety and design engineer.
The various types of construction engineer can be:
- Structural engineer
- Geotechnical engineer
Structural engineers design, assess, and inspect structures to ensure that they are sound and strong. Constructional engineering has developed itself into an important and complex specialization in constructional engineering. Structural engineers work on a very wide range of structures, including; buildings, bridges, roadways, etc. It is a highly technical and creative job that involves coordination with various technical teams and collaboration with them for executing many tasks of a construction project.
Geotechnical engineering is a discipline that is responsible for studying the behavior of the earth and its nature. As a form of engineering, it is of utmost importance to see whether construction activities are taking place on the surface or within the ground. Although there are considerable similarities, geotechnical engineering differs from engineering geology in that it is a specialty of engineering, whereas the latter is a specialty of geology.
Geotechnical engineers play an important role in evaluating surface and soil type and other materials, using the fundamental concepts of soil and rock mechanisms. They are generally appoint as consultants on construction projects. Engineers also examine environmental issues such as flooded land and water beds. By assessing them, they are able to determine whether a particular site is suitable for an upcoming project, and can instruct the engineering design process with regard to how ground conditions can be made safe and operative.
Task Of Constructional Engineering
Constructional engineering has many tasks that they have to do on daily basis. Those activities include drafting, decision making, computer interaction, communication, documenting, creative thinking, organizing, information collecting, estimating, and analyzing. Constructional engineering use Computer-Aided design for drafting to design structures and to show others how to build them. They must analyze information and make an informed decision and solve problems. Due to advancements in technology, computers are widely use as an important tool use by constructional engineering.
They use the technology to write programs and solve equations. Communication is use every day to interact with coworkers and supervisors. They have to communicate in person, by telephone, and through e-mail. Documentation is use to record important information that needs to be produce for management. The most document is done in electronic form. Creative thinking is apply to generate new ideas and solve problems. Constructional engineering have to be organize to accomplish goals and prioritize jobs. They have to collect information on the task at hand before they can start a project. This will help ensure that the job is complete in the best possible way. In order to keep a project within the budget, constructional engineers are require to calculate the costs of materials and workers. Finally, they have to analyze data to find answers to problems they are having on the job site.
What Do Construction Engineers Do?
As mention early, constructional engineers build structures that are use by people, therefore, the structures need to be safe in all ways to be able to survive all types of situations. To complete the job properly constructional engineers have to possess the knowledge of many different domains. Those areas include technology, engineering, math, design, construction, customer service, management, computers, public safety, and transportation. They comprehend technical drawings related to the industry and apply the concepts of engineering, technology, and math to make sure they construct the structure to the defined standards. They also use this knowledge to keep the management update about how the project is coming along and if any changes are need.
The construction industry is the largest industry in the United States. It offers job opportunities to millions coming from all types of educational backgrounds. Construction makes 14% of the country’s Gross National Product (GNP). constructional engineering is an important form of the construction industry because it gives much of the design aspect to the field. Constructional engineers follow the plans of architects and often design the actual structure. Once the structure has design the engineers make sure it has built correct by check and supervise the construction.
To Summarize Constructional Engineering!
Constructional engineers are a kind of civil engineers who designs and assist in executing the various tasks it takes in building projects. Good education and sound knowledge are key requirements, and experience working on construction sites is also essential. Job growth for civil engineers is expect to be good than the average for all occupations.