On a construction site, there are many risks. They’re both incurred by construction workers, but also by people not involved in the work. Accidents at work are often serious and have serious consequences. This is often why the application of safety rules on a construction site is essential. It’s the company that is in charge of implementing and enforcing these measures. But the workers even have duties in terms of safety.
Safety on a construction site: Why Is Important?
During a construction site, workers and workers incur risks. Indeed, work accidents are high, particularly, thanks to a large number of workers present simultaneously, the utilization of construction machinery and machines, but also work on altitude or the unevenness of the terrain.
However, the risks aren’t limited to workers alone. Strangers and other people not involved in the construction site may also end up on the site and incur risks. In these technical environments, regulations and safety measures will thus make it possible to stop the irruption of these people on the site.
Finally, the security rules on a building site also aim to prevent the various diseases that can impact construction workers. Therefore these illnesses are often linked to the arduous nature of the work, the handling of certain dangerous materials, or maybe direct exposure to cold or, conversely, to heat.
Implementation of security rules
The site prevention plan
A construction site security often involves the intervention of an outsized number of different people and companies. the location prevention plan, therefore, aims to reduce the risks associated with the presence of several workers.
It is a document that will be produced following the visit to the site of all the companies to be involved. It makes it possible to formalize the preventive measures necessary and applicable to all or any of the various stakeholders.
The prevention plan mentions the names and gets in touch with details of each company, the beginning and end dates of the work, also their nature. The document will then be used throughout the work and archived by each company. it’s carried out by the SPS coordinator.
safety rules on construction sites
Most of the responsibilities fall first on the shoulders of the employer. The latter is indeed bound by an obligation of result concerning the safety of its employees.
For this, the employer is obliged to tell his workers, whether or not they are on permanent contracts, fixed-term contracts, temporary workers, or trainees, about the security rules applicable in the company . He can find safety training specific to the company’s activity and can give a welcome booklet to new arrivals.
He must also make available knowledgeable risk assessment document. The employer must also display the security instructions on the company’s various work sites.
The employer must also provide its workers with the protective equipment and materials necessary to make sure their complete safety in this digital marketing agency. to try to do this, he must perform a continuous check of all the installations and machines, also as their maintenance to standards.
The employer must in no case neglect the security instructions: he risks a lot otherwise. He also can assign and appoint an employee responsible for safety on the site daily.
The responsibility of the worker
Although the employer is primarily liable for the collective safety of the site, the workers also have full criminal liability for their safety and that of their colleagues.
Indeed, the workers must respect the varied safety instructions of the site, if the employer has done his duty of data and training. they need to use the equipment provided by the employer on their work site.
They even have a duty to report the wear and obsolescence of the various safety equipment. In the event of failure to comply with these instructions, the worker is liable for a disciplinary fault, whether or not it did not lead to an accident.
The role of the security and Health Protection coordinator
On a construction site, when several companies are called upon to intervene at an identical time or successively, a construction site safety coordinator must be appointed.
The aim is to stop risks and accidents by ensuring compliance with safety rules and instructions. The SPS coordinator will therefore assess the professional risks well before the beginning of the work to develop measures.
- safety equipment on site
- Safety equipment on a construction site
- Depending on the site, several sorts of safety equipment may be required.
- Clothing and accessories: personal protective equipment.
Physical Safety Of Employes
To ensure the physical safety of employees, the employer must provide them with appropriate clothing and accessories. Among the foremost common equipment, the subsequent are distinguished:
- Work overalls: They need to be resistant to wear and tear and must comply with CE marking requirements.
- Safety helmets: They need to be in good condition.
- Protective glasses: Wearing glasses is important.
- Gloves are adapted to every type of risk: The hands are the foremost exposed to the dangers of cuts, perforations, allergies to products, etc.
- Safety shoes: They need to be effective against shocks and aggressive agents such as fire or chemicals.
- Work masks: Effective against aerosols, solid particles, vapors, and harmful gases.
- Fall arrest devices: Ropes, harnesses, carabiners, etc.
- Materials and objects: Collective protective equipment.
To ensure the safety of the construction site, to delimit the strategic zones. Therefore the surroundings, acceptable equipment must be deployed. These could also be studs, safety strips, or maybe signaling panels.
To reduce emissions, the employer must provide hoods, acoustic boxes, or exhaust systems. He must also provide fire extinguishers, safety nets, scaffolding, and security guards to eliminate the danger.
Other obligations associated with construction site safety
In addition to the individual and collective protective equipment seen above, the employer must also ensure:
- site cleanliness
- shift rotation
- Organization of labor schedules to prevent employees from working during the hottest or coldest hours
- setting up a break room
- site monitoring using electronic security devices
- the installation of a fence around the site