Health and Fitness

Knee Replacement Surgery

Types, Risks and Exercise

Knee replacement surgery can help you to provide relief from knee pain. It also allows you to remove damaged bone and cartilage from your kneecap, shinbone, and thighbone. Many factors can cause knee pain, such as arthritis, injury, and other diseases. You can consult with the Orthopedic Doctor in Kota for the surgery. In this article, you will know about the types of knee replacement surgery, risks, and exercise.

Types of Knee Replacement Surgery

Partial Knee Replacement

Partial knee replacement is recommended for injuries or arthritis that affect only one or two knees. The procedure is performed in a single stage to get leave from Hospital within two days. After the process, the broken bone and cartilage are removed from your knee. The healthy tissue is left behind. It is performed through smaller incisions so that the tissues will heal naturally and faster than total knee replacement surgery. When the patient feels better after recovery, they can place weight on their knees within a few days. However, you will require a walker to help you adjust your new knee. Although recovery can take several weeks, patients with partial knee replacements will recover quicker and more quickly. Also, they have experienced less pain and lost less blood than those who have total knee replacements.

Total Knee Replacement

Total Knee Replacement involves the complete removal of the affected joint and will do the replacement with new artificial parts, which is an inpatient procedure. It means that you will need to stay at the Hospital for a while so that your doctor can check how much your knee is healing. Also, the surgeon will remove any damaged bone and replace it with an artificial joint made of metals or plastic. It will also remove the thigh bone, top of your shinbone, connective, supportive tissues, and replace the prosthetic parts instead of these. It is crucial to move the new knee as soon as possible after surgery; typically it takes 6-8 hours. The patient will require a walker for standing and walking after the surgery. The recovery process is slower than partial knee replacement surgery. There are risks such as blood clots and chronic knee pain after the surgery.

Robotic Partial Knee Replacement

It is a similar procedure to partial knee surgery. Also, it uses robotics on behalf of manual surgery. The planning of Pre-surgical will ensure that the implant is placed correctly. The surgeon can also use computer guidance to guide the robot arm through certain parts of the procedure for maximum precision. This surgery has the advantage of faster recovery than standard procedures. It is individually tailored for each patient. Therefore, it is precise and accurate.

Osteotomy Knee Surgery

This procedure involves reshaping one of the bones to alleviate pressure on the knee joint. It is used for patients who have early-stage arthritis and has only damaged a part of the joint of the knee. Osteotomy reduces pain gradually increases the movement and function of the knee. After the procedure, patients can return to their homes after two days.

Knee Replacement Surgery Risks

Anesthesia

The doctor recommends knee surgery for people who have pain from osteoarthritis. It is required for people who have to go with knee replacement surgery. It will prevent from feeling any pain during the procedure. General anesthesia will make the patient unconscious, and they will not be able to wake up until the process is completed. On the other hand, regional anesthesia numbs only the lower leg and keeps the patient awake throughout the surgery. Sedatives are given to patients to help them relax and fall asleep. The side effects can occur from anesthesia, including headaches, drowsiness, and heart attack.

Infection

The loose skin could allow bacteria to enter into it, which can cause infection. It will minimize the risk at the time of surgery. Infection symptoms include swelling, redness as well as warmth.

Bleeding

Normal bleeding is expected at the time of surgery or after it. Rarely, blood loss during surgery may cause bleeding and require a transfusion. Sometimes swelling can occur after the surgery.

Blood Clots

It is one of the most significant risks associated with knee replacement surgery. A blood clot can form if blood flow is reduced or the blood vessel is damaged during the surgery. It can prevent by moving the legs or wearing compression devices.

Swelling

After surgery, swelling is a common problem. It can occur on the knee, ankle, or foot. You can do light exercise or apply icing that helps reduce the swelling.

Exercise After Knee Replacement Surgery

Yoga

Yoga can help you reduce stiffness, increase flexibility, and improve the health of your knees. Also, it can avoid twisting movements and ensure your knees by keeping them aligned with your ankles and hips.

Cycling

Cycling can help you to gain strength in the knee. When you use a stationary bike or an exercise machine, you have to stay on a flat surface and gradually increase your distance. You can gradually increase your strength by pedaling backward on a stationary bicycle. You can track your activity and set a time duration to make it more challenging.

Walking

Walking is the best option to increase strength in your knees. It is a great way to lose weight and improve your heart health. You can start the walk with small steps, do a short walk and in this way you can achieve your long-distance journey by walking. Also, you can track the distance that how far you’ve walked each day to gauge your progress. To count your steps, you can use a pedometer.

Stair Climbing

After knee surgery, you need strength and flexibility to climb and down the stairs. You will initially need a handrail to support you and take only one step at a time. Always use your operating knee to lead you up the stairs. You can take someone help to assist you during the time of exercise.

Sitting on Ball

Firstly, place your feet on the floor and sit on a ball. Now, slowly raise your arm above your head and lower it, alternately on the right and left. Again, slowly elevate and lower your heel, alternately on the right and left. Therefore, slowly lift one heel and raise the opposite arm above your head. Alternate the contrasting heel and arm. After that, slowly lift one foot 2 inches off the floor. Also, do right and left sides.

Conclusion

In this article, you will learn about knee replacement surgery types, risks, and exercises. The orthopedic surgeon helps you to treat pain and also repair your damaged knees. Also, do the practice for the fast recovery of the knee joint.

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