Bowel Obstruction Nursing Diagnosis Care Plans


If you are a nurse working in a hospital, you are likely very familiar with bowel obstruction. This is a condition where food or liquid refuses to move through the digestive system and is a common cause of abdominal pain and discomfort. In this article, we will discuss the Bowel Obstruction Nursing Diagnosis Care Plans.

What Is Bowel Obstruction?

Bowel obstruction is a medical term used to describe when the bowel does not move properly and waste accumulates in the abdominal cavity or intestines.

The most common cause of bowel obstruction is a blockage in the small intestine, but it can also occur in the colon or rectum.

If left untreated, bowel obstruction can lead to extreme complications such as sepsis, peritonitis, and even death.

There are a variety of symptoms that may indicate that someone has bowel obstruction, including nausea and vomiting, constipation, difficulty urinating, fatigue, and fever. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to seek out medical attention as soon as possible.

If your doctor suspects that you have a bowel obstruction, they will perform a physical exam to assess the condition of your bowels. They may also order tests such as an x-ray or CT scan to confirm the diagnosis. If necessary, your doctor will then recommend treatment options for you and your family.

There are a number of different treatment options available for people with bowel obstruction, depending on the severity of the blockage and your overall health condition. Some common treatment options include:

Causes of bowel obstruction

Bowel obstruction is a common medical problem. It can be caused by a number of things, including obstruction in one or more of the intestines. When this happens, bowel movements can’t pass through the obstruction and waste accumulates in the body.

Depending on the cause of the obstruction, different nursing care plans may be necessary. Here are some of the most common causes of bowel obstruction:

1. A blockage in the small intestine – This is the most common type of bowel obstruction and it’s usually due to a piece of debris (such as fecal material) that has collected in the small intestine. The debris can get stuck in between the stomach and intestine walls, blocking off food and water from getting into the small intestine.

2. A blockage in the large intestine – Bowel obstruction due to a blockage in the large intestine is less common than obstruction due to a blockage in the small intestine but it can still occur.

Signs and symptoms of bowel obstruction

For people who are experiencing difficulties passing stool, there are a few things to be aware of. Some of the most common symptoms of bowel obstruction include abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, difficulty passing urine or feces, and a feeling of fullness after eating.

One common treatment for bowel obstruction is surgery. This can involve either removing the blockage completely or repairing it so that the stool can be passed again.

Other treatments for bowel obstruction may include medications, strict dietary changes, or surgery to help open up the tubes that carry food and waste through the intestines. It is important to talk to your doctor about what is best for you and your specific situation.

Bowel obstruction nursing diagnosis care plans

If you are experiencing signs and symptoms of bowel obstruction, it is important to seek medical attention. There are a variety of nursing diagnoses that can be associated with bowel obstruction, and the care plans that follow reflect this diversity.

Nursing diagnoses associated with a bowel obstruction may include:

Obstruction, Gastrointestinal: Nursing care plans for an individual with obstruction may vary depending on the severity of the obstruction.

If the obstruction is mild, nursing care may include fluid and electrolyte replacement, observation, and reassessment in 24 hours.

Obstruction, Bowel: Nursing care plans for an individual with a bowel obstruction may include assessment for dehydration, malnutrition, and infection.

Depending on the cause of the obstruction and its severity, nursing care may also include relief of pain and support during evacuation or surgery.

Treatment for bowel obstruction

When a person experiences bowel obstruction, their body struggles to pass waste through their intestines. This can lead to fecal material accumulating in the abdomen, as well as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. In some cases, bowel obstruction may even require surgical intervention to clear the blockage.

The first step in managing bowel obstruction is identifying the cause. This can be done by conducting a medical exam and reviewing the patient’s history.

If the obstruction is due to an issue with the intestine (such as a tumor), then treatment will vary depending on the severity of the condition.

This plan will likely include dietary modification, antibiotics, and/or surgery. Depending on the severity of the obstruction, patients may also require medication to help them relax and reduce contractions in their intestines.

Prevention of bowel obstruction

Bowel obstruction is a common health problem. One in five people will suffer from some form of bowel obstruction at some point in their lives.

Symptoms of bowel obstruction may include abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, bloating, gas, and weight loss. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is important to speak with your doctor about your symptoms and whether you may be suffering from a bowel obstruction.

According to nursing assignment helper : If you are diagnosed with bowel obstruction, your doctor will likely recommend that you undergo tests to determine the cause of your obstruction. These tests may include an x-ray or a scan of your abdomen.

If the cause of your obstruction is unknown, your doctor may prescribe various treatments to try to open your bowels. Some common treatments for bowel obstruction include laxatives, enemas, surgery, and radiation therapy.

It is important to speak with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you based on the results of your tests and symptoms.

Precautions & Warnings

If you have any concerns about your bowel obstruction, see a doctor right away. But first, consult with your nursing manager to get a care plan. Here are some things you may need to do:

  • Monitor vital signs closely and frequently check for changes in blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration.
  • Administer oxygen if needed.
  • Monitor bowel movements and drainage to check for abnormalities.
  • Provide pain relief as needed with medications such as morphine or fentanyl.


According to nursing assignment writing service uk  : There are many different ways to care for someone who has a bowel obstruction. The most important thing is to make sure the person is safe and comfortable.

  • Remove any obstruction as soon as possible.
  • Monitor the person’s vital signs closely, especially if they have a fever or increased heart rate.
  • Give antibiotics as needed to prevent infection.
  • Provide support and comfort to the person, including keeping them warm and humidified if necessary.
  • Keep the area around the bowel clear so the person can move around easily.

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